When we moved into a newly-built house in a recently developed residential area of Pietermaritzburg, it took us a while to clear the builder’s rubble and to level an area for a lawn. As novice gardeners, we turned to the local nurseries for assistance in choosing plants for this garden we were creating from scratch. Given the hot summers we experienced in the then Natal, we naturally wanted to plant some trees for shade.

Having selected a couple of indigenous trees, which we were warned would take a long time to grow, we were encouraged to plant at least one Tipuana tipu tree. This, we were told, was not only fast growing – could reach 4m in its first year – but would provide both shade as well as a pretty show of yellow flowers. This almost sounded too good to be true – of course it was!

We didn’t remain in that house for long enough to see the tree grow to maturity. However, upon moving into our present house in Grahamstown, we discovered an enormous Tipuana tipu tree growing next to the dividing wall on our neighbour’s property. There was an equally enormous one at the far end of our property too – that section has since been sub-divided and belongs to someone else. You can see how it towers over the double storey house (the grey roof of which is on the right) that has since been built next to it.

Because the relatively flat and dusty environment of Mmabatho and Mahikeng in the then Bophuthatswana had few trees, we were delighted at first by the sight of these large mature trees, as well as the Natal fig that has provided us with great bird watching pleasure over the years. At first we didn’t think much of what we innocently regarded as the ‘wear and tear’ of an older tree, for these cracks attracted woodpeckers, nesting barbets and woodhoopes.

We have since discovered some of the many downsides of planting an alien tree such as the Tipuana tipu. It is very fast growing and self-seeds at a speed that keeps us on our toes, whipping out the tiny seedlings as soon as they make their presence known. If you don’t, you will end up with a large tree before you know it. Given that these trees grow to over 20m tall, one has to be careful not to become inundated with them. The green winged seeds dry to yellowish-brown and remain on the tree during winter only to ‘helicopter’ down in the spring breezes. There is no denying that their flowers, which appear from September to January, are pretty – both on the tree and when they cascade to the ground in the wind – but, they not only cover the lawn with a yellow carpet (which I don’t mind) but festoon the swimming pool with a thick yellow carpet of petals.

Despite the longevity of the Tipuana tipu (they can apparently live for several decades), these trees become brittle as they age. Unlike the Natal fig that bends and twists with the wind and then shakes itself back into shape, the Tipuana tipu resists the wind, cracks, and some of the branches twist off, landing with a thud on the ground crushing plants in the process – as we have found to our cost.

The Tipuana tipu originates from South America. While the Tipuana tipu has been planted as street trees in the past, it is an aggressive invader that has now been listed as a Category 3 invader plant and may no longer be planted. They also have aggressive root systems that, in our street, have lifted parts of the tarred road and, in our garden, have made our stone garden path tricky to walk on.

26 thoughts on “TIPUANA TIPU

    • That is right! We are more knowledgeable now about the sustainability of planting indigenous trees (no matter how slow growing). These are enduring the drought and it doesn’t take much rain for them to revive in a fantastic show of leaves or flowers.


  1. It is a cautionary tale … We have ‘inherited’ an African Flame Tree (Spathodea campanulata) – African but not indigenous to southern Africa. Unfortunately in parts of KZN it can be highly invasive.


    • The Spathodea is very pretty. My parents had one on their farm in the then Eastern Transvaal ; it never produced seedlings, so perhaps they were fortunate. I was thus unaware of their invasive nature.

      Liked by 1 person

      • I understand that they are not invasive in areas with colder winters so they are mostly a problem in KZN coastal areas. However, we do have to get rid of the occasional robust seedling here. The flowers are incredibly beautiful though.

        Liked by 1 person

    • That is why I would like to see it in its natural habitat. Having expounded on reasons not to have them, I must admit that, given that the number of these trees in town, I enjoy seeing some of the pavements carpeted with their yellow flowers intermingled with the mauve ones from the jacaranda trees – also exotic.

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    • This is so true, Derrick. It is amazing to see how the enormous branches of the indigenous fig tree bend, twist and sway during the strong Berg winds. Within hours of the wind ceasing the branches are back in shape. Exotic trees such as the jacarandas and these tipuanas seem to resist the wind and so are far more likely to lose twigs and even whole branches – especially once they are older.

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