MATUTINAL PLEASURES

I wake very early. Even as a young child I developed the habit of lying in bed while the household was still asleep, listening to the matutinal sounds outside. This morning was no exception: Cape White-eyes were the first to warble their way through the shrubbery outside my bedroom window. Oddly enough, the Hadeda Ibises remained silent until well after sunrise. Instead, the infrequent cackling chorus of Red-billed (Green) Wood-hoopoes filled the garden with a joyous anticipation of a beautiful day.

Cape White-eye

A beautiful day it is already, with Lesser-striped Swallows scything through the clear air, Black-eyed Bulbuls greeting the world and Black-headed Orioles calling from a vantage point out of my line of sight. The Fork-tailed Drongos are already diving for insects and the Village and Cape Weavers are chirpily vying for the seed left over in the feeder. A male Pin-tailed Whydah is asserting his territorial boundaries.

Pin-tailed Whydah

It is a pleasure listening to the fluting whistles and frog-like grunts of the African Green Pigeons from deep within the thickening foliage of the Natal Fig tree – already bearing tiny fruits – followed by the rasping sounds announcing the return of the Knysna Louries (Turacos). Laughing Doves are beginning to gather on the telephone cable and are taking up positions on the sunny branches of the Erythrina caffra – doubtless waiting for their ‘breakfast’!

Knysna Lourie

The distant sound of barking dogs alert me to the wakefulness of other people beginning their matutinal strolls, fanning their way through the suburb streets either to work or for healthy exercise. Traffic noise builds up quickly to almost blot out the call of a solitary Cape Robin. A Black (Amethyst) Sunbird flies past my window. Then a car hooter breaks the spell of my early matutinal pleasure – I haven’t even stepped outside yet!

Cape Robin

JANUARY 2016 GARDEN BIRDS

The Cape Robin was the first bird on my list this year. I feel blessed having them nest in our garden for they are such special birds. I frequently hear them before seeing them. Their calls range from what sound like melodious snatches of songs to a clearly distinguishable alarm call. Last night I listened to a robin calling nearby for about twenty minutes well after dark. They also form an important part of the dawn-chorus in our garden.

Cape Robin

Over the years I have observed robins nesting just above eye-level in the air plants draped over a branch of an ironwood tree; almost at ground level in thick vegetation near a bird bath; in the tangled growth of an unkempt hedge; and more recently in the lavender bushes nest to the steps leading to our swimming pool. I have already chronicled the sad demise of their three chicks when they were devoured by a Burchell’s Coucal. Undaunted, the pair relocated to the thicket behind the pool – too far in for me to see, although I noted their to-ing and fro-ing movements with food for their offspring. At least one of their chicks has survived for I have seen it out in the open in the company of a parent over the past two weeks. The spotty juvenile now makes forays around the feeding station on its own in the early mornings and late afternoons.

Lesserstriped Swallows

Very good news is that the Lesser-striped Swallows have made one more valiant attempt at rebuilding their nest under the eaves. It is with great delight that I have observed the cup taking shape, watched it being lined with feathers, and felt a lifting of my heart when the tunnel was completed. I hope this time the nest will hold and that they will raise a family before the end of summer! The nest has developed from this sadly abandoned ruin

Lesserstripedswallownest

To this

Lesserstripedswallownest

And finally, this

Lesserstripedswallownest

Although it only appeared for three days, I was pleased to see a Dusky Indigobird for we last saw them here several years ago. Other new entries on my list include a Black Harrier, a Darter and a pair of Egyptian Geese.

My January list is:

African Green Pigeon
Barthroated Apalis
Black Crow (Cape)
Black Cuckoo
Black Harrier
Black Sunbird (Amethyst)
Blackcollared Barbet
Blackeyed Bulbul
Blackheaded Heron
Blackheaded Oriole
Bokmakierie
Boubou Shrike
Bronze Manikin
Burchell’s Coucal
Cape Robin (Cape Robin-chat)
Cape Turtle Dove
Cape Weaver
Cape White-eye
Cattle Egret
Darter
Diederik Cuckoo
Dusky Indigobird
Egyptian Goose
Fiery-necked Nightjar
Fiscal Flycatcher
Forktailed Drongo
Greater Double-collared Sunbird
Greyheaded Bush Shrike
Greyheaded Sparrow
Hadeda Ibis
Hoopoe
Klaas’ Cuckoo
Knysna Loerie
Laughing Dove
Lesserstriped Swallow
Olive Thrush
Pintailed Whydah
Redeyed Dove
Redbilled Woodhoopoe
Redchested Cuckoo
Redwinged Starling
Rock Pigeon (Speckled)
Sombre Bulbul
Southern Masked Weaver
Speckled Mousebird
Spectacled Weaver
Village Weaver
Whiterumped Swift
Yellowfronted Canary
Yellow Weaver

NOVEMBER 2015 GARDEN BIRDS

NOVEMBER 2015 GARDEN BIRDS

This has been a busy time for birds in our garden. With some of the courting rituals over and nests built, many birds are now focusing on feeding their fledglings. A pair of Common Starlings brought their two chicks to feed on the lawn, seemingly teaching them to stab at the ground to find their food – and introduced them to the fruit on the feeding tray.

Although a lot of the Village Weavers are involved with feeding their fledglings, chasing each other from the feeding station, and still courting, I recently observed a female collecting feathers from the lawn and cramming them into her beak. Once she could hold no more, she inevitably dropped some, returning a few minutes later to fetch them. It is wonderful the way no resources are wasted in the garden.

Village Weaver feeding chick

The other morning I counted twenty-nine Laughing Doves perched on the telephone cable visible from my study, drying out in the early sunshine after heavy rain the night before. This month it was an Olive Thrush that apparently took a dislike to a Laughing Dove. It wouldn’t allow the poor dove to settle anywhere without chasing it around the garden and over the perimeter of it and back.

A pair of Olive Thrushes nested in the garden next door and, after having carried food across for a while, recently brought their two speckled offspring with them. Their yellow gapes were still clearly visible as they begged to be fed but now these juveniles confidently seek food here on their own.

I continued to enjoy the secretive way in which the pair of Cape Robins collected beetles and caterpillars to feed their young nestled within the lavender bushes and sheltered from the rain by the overhanging branches of the Buddleia salviifolia. They would first fly to a nearby Pom-pom tree, then make it across the lawn to the windowsill of the lounge. There they would walk along it until they were apparently out of sight then hop into the Buddleia before dropping down into their nest – such elaborate precautions to maintain the safety of their family!

We are always pleased to see the Burchell’s Coucal in the garden. Having raised one as a chick many years ago, I am fully aware of their dietary requirements. While I was pruning around the aloes on 7th November, I heard the Cape Robins making an agitated alarm call. Then I noticed several weavers leaving off their feeding to perch on top of the Buddleia – very strange.

Burchell's Coucal

If you have read my entry HARK THE UNUSUAL NOISE from 7th December 2014, you will appreciate why I first thought that a snake may have found its way to the robin’s nest. I thus approached it with caution just in time to see a Burchell’s Coucal emerge from the lavender bushes while swallowing the last of the robin fledglings!

A few minutes later my attention was drawn to the agitated calls and unusual behaviour of a pair of Forktailed Drongos in the back garden. They were dive-bombing (probably the same) Burchell’s Coucal sidling through the thick hedge of Cape Honeysuckle. I imagine it had raided their nest too. Sad, but then it also has to eat.

Much more delightful news is that the pair of Lesser-striped Swallows began to work on their mud nest under the eaves in earnest last week. They finished the tunnel entrance yesterday and I saw one peeping out of the hole early this morning. What a joy.

Lesserstriped Swallow completed nest

My November list is:

African Green Pigeon
Barthroated Apalis
Black Crow (Cape)
Black Cuckoo
Black Sunbird (Amethyst)
Blackcollared Barbet
Blackeyed Bulbul
Blackheaded Oriole
Bokmakierie
Bronze Manikin
Burchell’s Coucal
Cape Robin
Cape Turtle Dove
Cape Wagtail
Cape Weaver
Cape White-eye
Cattle Egret
Common Starling
Diederick Cuckoo
Forktailed Drongo
Greater Double-collared Sunbird
Greyheaded Bush Shrike
Greyheaded Sparrow
Grey Heron
Hadeda Ibis
Hoopoe
Klaas’ Cuckoo
Knysna Lourie (Turaco)
Laughing Dove
Lesserstriped Swallow
Olive Thrush
Paradise Flycatcher
Pied Crow
Pintailed Whydah
Redbilled Woodhoopoe (Green Woodhoopoe)
Redchested Cuckoo (Piet-my-vrou)
Redeyed Dove
Redfronted Tinkerbird
Redwinged Starling
Rock Pigeon (Speckled)
Southern Boubou
Speckled Mousebird
Streakyheaded Canary (Seedeater)
Village Weaver
Whiterumped Swift
Yellowfronted Canary

OCTOBER 2015 GARDEN BIRDS

This has been another action-filled birding month in my garden. While the flocks of Red-winged Starlings has decreased, there are still a number around that are finding fruit somewhere else in the neighbourhood. A pair of them sometimes sit on the open window of my bedroom in the mornings or peek at me in my upstairs study from the guttering outside.

It is cuckoo time! The Red-chested Cuckoo (known here as the Piet-my-vrou) arrived on the 2nd October and since then can be heard calling from as early as two or three in the morning until late at night. They parasitize the Cape Robin – more of that later. I spotted a pair of Black Cuckoos threading their way through the kitchen hedge very early the other morning. They are seldom seen, although their mournful whistle wafts through the mornings and afternoons as if their hearts would break. They tend to pick on the Southern Boubou to bring up their chicks.

Much more cheerful calls come from Klaas’ Cuckoo and the Diederick Cuckoos. Weavers are quite likely to find themselves hosting a chick from the latter.

What a delight to find a Cape Robin has built a nest inside a clump of lavender bushes right next to the steps that lead out to the swimming pool. I have been unable to prune the drooping Buddleja salviifolia after its bumper flowering period as this provides a thick shelter against rain and wind for the nest tucked below it.

Nest of Cape Robin

I watched the robins for some time as they collected nesting material, such as snippets of dead grass left over from mowing, dried leaves from the Erythrina trees, and lichen pulled from the various trees in the garden.

Cape Robin

About five or six days later, I peered through the lavender to see that three eggs had been laid and can just see the top of a robin’s head tucked in when I close the door at night. Since then I have caught a glimpse one chick – I do not wish to disturb them so have generally left them alone aside from a cursory peek in the mornings and evenings.

The aggressive behaviour of the robins has been interesting to observe. They have vigorously chased away Streakyheaded Canaries, weavers and Blackeyed Bulbuls that have ventured too close to the nest. I even saw one chasing after a Laughing Dove.

A Grey-headed Bush Shrike appeared on the branches above my head the other day while I was weeding and watering in the back garden. I kept a fascinated eye on it as it approached ever closer to me – it really is a strikingly coloured bird – then, as I moved from a spot, it would swoop down to catch something that had been disturbed by my activities and immediately fly up to the branches to eat whatever it was.

I had a similar experience with a pair of Fork-tailed Drongos, only they were much bolder: I was weeding the strawberry patch under the watchful eyes of these birds perched on a cable not far away. As I did so, I unearthed or disturbed a couple of spiders and some bright green caterpillars. Before long, both birds would whoosh right past me to catch these hapless creatures. They are very quick off the mark! I again watched one stealing food from the beak of a Cape Weaver while in flight.

Cape Weaver

It is always a pleasure to see a pair of Paradise Flycatchers in the garden. To my chagrin, they flit and dart about so quickly that I have not been able to catch them on camera. I haven’t managed to photograph the exquisitely beautiful Knysna Louries either, although I am pleased that a pair of them are seen about more often. Both have appeared several times to eat apples or to drink from the bird bath on the lawn and they are heard almost daily calling from within the foliage of tall trees in the neighbourhood.

Common Starlings are generally seen foraging in the garden singly or in very small groups. Their quick movements on the ground as they probe the lawn or flit up to the feeding tray somehow give them a ‘shifty’ look; they generally stay long enough only for a bit or two before flying off. This month I watched one collecting nesting material in the garden for the first time. I have since seen one collecting food and flying off to a neighbouring property, where it is presumably nesting.

My October list is:

African Green Pigeon
Black Crow (Cape)
Black Cuckoo
Black Sunbird (Amethyst)
Blackcollared Barbet
Blackeyed Bulbul
Blackheaded Oriole
Bokmakierie
Bronze Manikin
Burchell’s Coucal
Cape Robin
Cape Turtle Dove
Cape Weaver
Cape White-eye
Cardinal Woodpecker
Cattle Egret
Common Starling
Diederick Cuckoo
Fiscal Shrike
Forktailed Drongo
Greater Double-collared Sunbird
Greyheaded Bush Shrike
Greyheaded Sparrow
Hadeda Ibis
Klaas’ Cuckoo
Knysna Lourie (Turaco)
Laughing Dove
Lesserstriped Swallow
Olive Thrush
Pied Crow
Pintailed Whydah
Redbilled Woodhoopoe (Green Woodhoopoe)
Redchested Cuckoo (Piet-my-vrou)
Redeyed Dove
Redfronted Tinkerbird
Redwinged Starling
Rock Pigeon (Speckled)
Sacred Ibis
Sombre Bulbul
Southern Boubou
Southern Masked Weaver
Speckled Mousebird
Streakyheaded Canary (Seedeater)
Village Weaver
Whiterumped Swift
Yellow Weaver

AUGUST 2015 GARDEN BIRDS

AUGUST 2015 GARDEN BIRDS

How different each month is from another – and one month in one year from the same month in another. Birding is not a static occupation at all for the birds do not always follow a predictable pattern of movement.

The Klaas’ Cuckoo, for example, has not yet made its presence heard, while the Black Cuckoo is already telling us in the most mournful drawn out tones that “I am sick” – that is how its call is described in the Roberts Bird Guide. It certainly sounds very melancholy. Last August the Pin-tailed Whydahs were out in force. This month I have seen only one – a male – whose tail feathers are gradually getting longer.

The Bronze Manikins are so pleased that I have managed to source some fine bird seed at last and compete for space on the bird feeder early in the afternoon during the lull between the morning and late afternoon rush by the weavers and the Laughing Doves.

Burchell’s Coucals on the other hand make waking a pleasure. Their cascading bubbling sounds soon compete, however, with the musical notes of the Cape Robin that stations itself near my bedroom window.

It is also lovely hearing the cheerful cackling sounds of the Red-billed Wood-Hoopoes. I watched a pair of them for at least half an hour the other morning as they used their long beaks to probe for insects behind the peeling bark of the older trees, investigated the masses of air plants, and even pecked at the bread spread with fat at the feeding station. I know their name has been changed to Green Wood-Hoopoe and that the illustration in the Roberts Bird Guide clearly indicates a green iridescent sheen. Perhaps this colouring only becomes evident in the sunlight? I could not spot it as the birds flitted about the foliage and in the shade of the trees in the front garden.

The synchronised duets of both the Southern Boubou and the Black-headed Orioles have become more evident in recent weeks. Both have been frequenting the feeding station more often recently – the orioles appearing as a pair more often than not.

I saw six Fork-tailed Drongos in the Erythrina tree yesterday morning, although I regularly only see two of them at a time in the garden. Streakyheaded Canaries are back: feeding on the Cape Honeysuckle blossoms and, occasionally visiting the seed tray.

Forktailed Drongo

My August list is:

Barthroated Apalis
Black Crow (Cape)
Black Cuckoo
Black Sunbird (Amethyst)
Blackcollared Barbet
Blackeyed Bulbul
Blackheaded Oriole
Bokmakierie
Bronze Manikin
Burchell’s Coucal
Cape Robin
Cape Turtle Dove
Cape Weaver
Cape White-eye
Cardinal Woodpecker
Common Starling
Fiscal Shrike
Forktailed Drongo
Greater Double-collared Sunbird
Greyheaded Bush Shrike
Hadeda Ibis
Hoopoe
Laughing Dove
Olive Thrush
Pied Crow
Pintailed Whydah
Redbilled Woodhoopoe (Green Woodhoopoe)
Redeyed Dove
Redwinged Starling
Rock Pigeon (Speckled)
Sombre Bulbul
Southern Boubou
Southern Masked Weaver
Speckled Mousebird
Streakyheaded Canary
Village Weaver